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How to Go From Tokyo to Osaka on Shinkansen Bullet Train

The bullet train, or Shinkansen, provides a fast and comfortable journey between Osaka and Tokyo, connecting two of Japan’s major cities.

As an essential mode of transportation for travelers, the Shinkansen offers a unique and efficient way to explore Japan’s beautiful landscapes and rich culture.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll focus on how to go from Tokyo to Osaka on the bullet train, providing practical tips and information on understanding the Shinkansen system, purchasing tickets, boarding procedures, and more.

To travel from Tokyo to Osaka on the bullet train, choose from Nozomi, Hikari, or Kodama trains, purchase tickets online or at train stations, and follow boarding procedures for a smooth journey. This guide covers all you need to know for a seamless Shinkansen experience.

Understanding the Shinkansen System

History and significance of the Shinkansen in Japan

The Shinkansen, introduced in 1964, plays a significant role in Japan’s transportation system. This high-speed rail network transformed intercity travel, making it faster and more efficient.

Different types of Shinkansen trains servicing the Osaka-Tokyo route

Three primary Shinkansen train types service the Osaka-Tokyo route: Nozomi, Hikari, and Kodama. Each train offers different travel times and frequencies, catering to various traveler needs.

The distance between Tokyo Station and Shin-Osaka Station, the main stations for the Nozomi Shinkansen, is approximately 515 kilometers (320 miles).


Nozomi trains are the fastest. It was designed to reaches speed of up to 320 km/h or 199 miles per hour, but typically operates at 300 km/h or 186 mph. At that speed, it would take approximately 2.5 hours to travel between Osaka and Tokyo. With limited stops, with the fastest being only 5 stops. Nozomi trains depart every 15 minutes typically, and during peak hours they depart every 10 minutes.


Hikari trains have a travel time of around 3 hours, stopping at more stations compared to Nozomi. These trains depart every 30 minutes.


Kodama trains, with a travel time of about 4 hours, stop at all stations along the route. As a result, these trains have less frequent departures.

Comparison of travel times and train frequencies

When comparing travel times and train frequencies, choose Nozomi for the quickest journey, while Hikari and Kodama trains provide additional stops for more exploration opportunities between Tokyo and Osaka.

Shinkansen Schedules, Reserved Seats, and Departure Times

Do you need reserved seats on the Shinkansen?

While reserved seats aren’t mandatory, they offer peace of mind, especially during peak travel seasons. Reserved seats guarantee a specific seat in a designated car, ensuring a comfortable journey. You can visit a ticket counter, use a ticket machine, or book online to reserve a seat. It’s important to note that Japan Rail Pass holders can reserve seats at no extra cost.

First and last Shinkansen departures

Knowing the first and last Shinkansen departures is essential for planning your travel itinerary. The first train from Tokyo to Osaka usually depart around 6:00 AM, while the last leaves around 9:30 PM. These times may vary slightly depending on the day and train type, so it’s best to check the official timetable or an online schedule for up-to-date information.

Shinkansen schedules and timetables

Shinkansen’s schedules are well-organized, with trains frequently running throughout the day. Nozomi trains, the fastest option, operate every 10-15 minutes, while Hikari trains run every 30 minutes. Kodama trains, the slowest, have a less frequent schedule, departing every hour or so. To access accurate timetables, you can use the official JR website, third-party websites, or smartphone apps like Hyperdia or Navitime for Japan Travel.

Peak hours and peak travel seasons

Traveling during peak hours and seasons can affect seat availability and ticket prices. Peak hours typically occur on weekdays during the morning and evening rush hours (7:00-9:00 AM and 5:00-8:00 PM). Avoid traveling during these times to ensure a more relaxed journey.

Peak travel seasons in Japan include the following periods:

  1. New Year’s holidays (late December to early January)
  2. Golden Week (late April to early May)
  3. Obon Festival (mid-August)
  4. Cherry blossom season (late March to early April)
  5. Fall foliage season (mid-November to early December)

During these peak seasons, trains tend to be more crowded, and reserved seats may sell out quickly. Therefore, book your tickets early to secure your desired travel dates and times. Also, be prepared for higher ticket prices due to increased demand.

How to Purchase Shinkansen Tickets

Buying tickets at train stations

At train stations, two options are available for ticket purchasing: ticket machines and ticket counters. Ticket machines offer English instructions, and staff at counters can assist you. Both options accept cash and credit cards.

Online ticket purchasing options

We high recommend purchasing tickets in advance online to avoid the stress. Travel times and ticket lines can be unpredictable, having the tickets in hand should get you on your way smoothly.

Online ticket purchasing is convenient and accessible through platforms like the JR East website or the SmartEX app. This method allows you to book in advance and secure your desired seat.

Reserved vs Non-Reserved Seating

Choosing between reserved and non-reserved seating depends on your preferences. Reserved seating guarantees a specific seat, while non-reserved seating is first-come, first-served, and typically more affordable.

Japan Rail Pass and eligibility for Shinkansen travel

The Japan Rail Pass offers eligibility for Shinkansen travel on Hikari and Kodama trains but excludes Nozomi trains. This pass is cost-effective for tourists using JR trains extensively. Prices start at ¥29,650 for a 7-day pass. We recommend you start planning your trip in advance and purchase the JR pass here early, especially with the prices increasing drastically in October 2023.

Boarding the Shinkansen: Tips and Procedures

Finding the correct platform and car number

A. Finding the correct platform and car number is crucial for a smooth journey. Check your ticket and station signage to locate the platform and car number. Platforms and cars are well-marked, making it easy to find your way.

Luggage storage and size limitations

Luggage storage on the Shinkansen comes with size limitations. Overhead racks are available for smaller bags, while designated spaces accommodate larger suitcases. Ensure your luggage doesn’t exceed the 250 cm total dimension limit (height + width + depth).

Onboard facilities and amenities

Onboard facilities and amenities enhance your travel experience. Food and drink carts offer a variety of snacks, meals, and beverages. Restrooms are clean and well-maintained, and power outlets are provided for your electronic devices.

Etiquette and cultural considerations

Observe proper etiquette and cultural considerations while aboard the Shinkansen. For example, keep noise levels low, avoid using your phone in seating areas, and respect designated quiet zones to ensure a pleasant journey for all passengers.

Navigating Major Shinkansen Stations: Tokyo and Osaka

Overview of Tokyo Station and Shin-Osaka Station

Tokyo Station and Shin-Osaka Station are the primary Shinkansen hubs for your journey. Both stations are well-equipped, offering services like tourist information centers, luggage storage, and dining options.

Transferring to local trains or subway lines

Transferring to local trains or subway lines is easy, with clear signage and helpful staff. Tokyo Station connects to the JR Yamanote Line, while Shin-Osaka Station links to the Midosuji Line, allowing you to reach popular attractions easily.

Nearby attractions and accommodations

Nearby attractions and accommodations are plentiful. Tokyo Station is close to the Imperial Palace and Ginza district, while Shin-Osaka Station offers convenient access to Osaka Castle and Dotonbori. Numerous hotels cater to different budgets and preferences around both stations.

Exploring Japan Beyond the Shinkansen

Other popular Shinkansen routes for travelers

The Shinkansen network extends beyond the Osaka-Tokyo route, offering other popular tourist travel routes, such as Tokyo to Hokkaido, Tokyo to Nagano, and Osaka to Fukuoka.

Alternative transportation options for budget-conscious travelers

Budget-conscious travelers can consider alternative transportation options like highway buses, slower trains, or domestic flights. While these options might take longer or require transfers, they can be more affordable.

Embracing the full Japanese travel experience

Embrace the full Japanese travel experience by exploring traditional ryokans, visiting historic temples and shrines, and savoring regional cuisine. Combining Shinkansen travel with local experiences will make your trip truly unforgettable.

Mastering the Shinkansen Journey

As we recap this guide, remember the essential steps: understanding the Shinkansen system, purchasing tickets, boarding procedures, and navigating Tokyo Station and Shin-Osaka Station.

Embark on the Osaka to Tokyo bullet train journey with confidence, knowing you’re well-prepared to enjoy a comfortable and efficient travel experience.

With this comprehensive guide, you’ll effortlessly navigate how to go from Tokyo to Osaka on the bullet train, making your Shinkansen trip a memorable part of your Japanese adventure.

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